CHONGMING ISLAND, CHINA | URBAN DESIGN AND RESEARCH STUDIO
M.Arch Fall 2015 | Professors Alan Balfour and Richard Dagenhart | Vanessa Lira and Yingying Zeng
Chongming Island is located just north of Shanghai, separated by the tributary of the Yangtze River. This alluvial island was created over time by the sand carried downstream the Yangtze and finally settling at the mouth the of the river. The island is roughly 80km long by 18 km wide (50mi x 11mi).
Developed in the traditional Chinese canal system pattern, the island is cut transverly by main canals which pull water from the Yangtze up through the island during high tide and distributes the water to farmlands for irrigation using secondary canals and minor canals. The current ecological state of the island is dire, with populated water coming from the Yangtze which in turn pollutes the canal system and the marshland.
The Chinese government intends to transform Chongming Island into a state of the art eco island, using the highest technology and innovation to set the island apart from other cities in the world. Prior to this project, the firm SOM designed a development scheme for the Chinese government focusing on 7 new towns along the South coast of the island.
Dagong’s street system is designed to promote pedestrian and cycling activity, prohibiting all personal automobiles.Most streets have filter strips that collect stormwater runoff and filter it into greywater pipes and/or greywater canals to be used within the water management system of the town.